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Printed Circuit Board

2020-03-23

PCB board Service

Printed circuit boards have been around for a long time, and they continue to get wider applications as their designs continue to improve. This improvement has resulted in the boards ranging from simple layouts to complex layouts suitable for different types of use. Mostly used as the base in most electronic devices, PCB boards are made with different materials such as fiberglass and epoxy. They not only support the base of the electronics, but they also provide wiring for the components used in those devices.

Printed Circuit Board

Types and applications

Single-layer PCB

As the name suggests, a single-layer printed circuit board is made with one layer of the base substrate. One side of the base material is usually coated with a metal that is a good conductor of electricity, such as copper. A protective layer is also used together with a silkscreen. The single-layer makes them easy to produce, and that makes them very affordable in turn. They usually accommodate very few components and are therefore used in devices that need smaller circuits like calculators and solid-state drives.

Multi-layer PCB

This type of PCB is made with three or more double-layer PCBs. The layers will, therefore, vary depending on what the PCB is going to be used for. These boards have complex structures that make them ideal for complicated applications such as GPS technology, medical equipment, and file servers. The layers are usually glued together with insulation materials between them to prevent overheating or melting of components. The smallest multi-layer PCB will have three layers, and the biggest can have as many as 50 layers.

Double-layer PCB

Like the single layer PCB, a double layer printed circuit board has one base but with one layer of coating on each side. The layer can be any metal that is a good conductor, but the board will have holes drilled to allow components to be fixed on each side. The holes will connect the circuits on both sides, but sometimes surface mounts are used instead of the holes. This set up makes these circuit boards more suitable for medium-level complex devices such as HVAC systems and amplifiers.

Rigid PCB

These boards are suitable for applications that don’t require twisting, such as computers. They ca multiple layers to ensure communication between the different components of the device they are used in. For instance, when used in computers, they will ensure the CPU communicates with the RAM constantly to ensure the smooth functioning of the device. The rigid nature ensures they remain in the same state for as long as the device is being used.

Flexible PCB

As the name suggests, a flexible printed circuit board is one that can bend or move. They are made with flexible materials like plastic, and they can have multiple layers or a single layer. They are ideal for use in areas where rigid PCBs cannot work or are too expensive. They are also a great option in areas with frequent environmental hazards because they can be made with water-resistant, temperature resistant, corrosion-resistant, or shock-resistant materials.

Flex-rigid PCB

If you want a printed circuit board that has flexible layers attached to rigid layers, then flex-rigid boards are your choice. These boards consist of multiple layers, but it is possible for the wiring to be done on one board. The design can also be streamlined, which leaves room for a reduction in the size of the board. Because of this, they are mostly used in devices that aren’t supposed to be heavy, like mobile phones and digital cameras.

High-frequency PCB

These boards are specially designed for the transmission of signals over one frequency. They are therefore made with materials such as epoxy laminate, Teflon, and polyphenylene oxide resin. When designing these boards, several factors have to be considered because they affect the functionality of the board. Some of those factors include thermal expansion, water absorption, dielectric loss, and dissipation.

Aluminum backed PCB

For most people, aluminum PCB boars are usually the best choice because of the many advantages they have, such as eco-friendliness, durability, and heat dissipation. They are made with thermal insulation material and a circuit layer that ranges in thickness. Because of their characteristics, these boards are used in applications with higher power outputs such as traffic lights and power supplies.

Benefits

One of the main benefits of having a printed circuit board is the ability to use smaller components in compact devices. The ability to accommodate high-density connections and with thin traces means that components like resistors and integrated circuits can be fitted on a small board to allow use in different devices.

PCB boards also make electronic devices more reliable. When compared to manual wiring, these boards provide a high level of stability that improves the general functionality of devices and makes them easier to handle. They also lack the variability that is associated with manual wiring, which makes them better and safer.

Since printed circuit boards are produced in mass numbers, chances of errors are reduced. The same design makes it easier to test and rectify any problems they may have. By testing one, it becomes easier to diagnose the others and make necessary changes. PCB boards are also properly labeled, something that helps further with diagnosis and repair.

The stability of the components also helps with the safety of the devices the boards are used in. For instance, the components are usually placed in a way that prevents electronic interference between different devices. For instance, cars and airplanes cannot have interfering signals with each other. With this level of consistency and competency, the boards make devices perfect for daily use.

Why choose us

When looking for a printed circuit board, you should always look for a reliable company in the industry that also has experience with the production of various PCB types. Our company has been in the business for a while and is therefore capable of handling different customer needs. We have a wide range of printed circuit boards for you to choose from such as aluminum board PCBs, rigid-flex PCBs as well as heavy copper and thick copper PCBs. With our selection of PCBs, you can have various applications such as metal stamping and processing of different materials. Our company also keeps up with the latest technological innovations to ensure that our printed circuit boards maintain the latest standards that improve their functionality and effectiveness. With us, you’re guaranteed to experience all the benefits above and more.